Zhytomyr (also known as Zhitomir) city is the capital of Zhitomir region, central Ukraine, on the Teteriv River, a tributary of the Dnieper. It is a road and rail junction in an agricultural area. Industries include lumber milling, food processing, granite quarrying, metalworking, and the manufacture of musical instruments. An old city on the trade route from Scandinavia to Constantinople, Zhitomir was known in 1240. It was part of Kievan Rus and later passed to Lithuania (1320) and Poland (1569). Awarded to Russia in the second partition of Poland (1793), it became an important provincial and trade center before the Bolshevik Revolution.
Zhitomir region is located in the central part of the East European plain, north of right bank Ukraine. Its area is 4,9% of the territory of Ukraine. The Zhitomir oblast’s area is one of the largest in Ukraine, fifth among all oblasts. The oblast borders on the Republic of Belarus in the north, Khmelnitsky and Rivne oblasts in the west, Vinnitsa oblast in the south and Kyiv oblast in the east. In its current borders, the oblast was created in 1937. Now the oblast comprises 23 administrative districts, 9 cities and towns. 56% of the oblast’s population is urban. 85% of the population is Ukrainians.
The region’s potential of minerals and raw materials is represented by 278 deposits with 20 kinds of minerals. The mining industry here is extracting titanium ores, Dinas quarzites, and building and facing stones.
The region embodies one fifth of the country’s reserve of rubble and crushed stone processed by a number of powerful companies. Decorative and facing stones Invest in Ukraine – labradorite, granite, and gabbro – are found in unlimited quantities. Development of the deposit of easily polished marble with a marvelous pattern and extraction of semiprecious stones – beryl, topaz, quartz – are under way. Piezoelectric quartz crystal, a widely used component of any electronic device, is also available in this area.
There are also deposits of high quality pyrophyllite. The oblast is interested in mobilizing investments and finding partners for pyrophyllite extraction and development. Among other deposits requiring funding by investors, there is a unique quartzite deposit. It contains about 84% of the country’s quartzite reserves. These raw materials are used for lining blast furnaces and preparation of ferroalloys.
A combination of such factors as economic and geographical location, soil and climatic conditions, availability of minerals, raw materials, forestry and water resources creates favorable conditions for the development of agriculture and industry